Presentation of the wilaya

The Foundation of the city of Algiers in 1200 BC is attributed to the Phoenicians. By its opening on the Mediterranean, it was the crossroad of several civilisations traces of which are here and there on its territory. The history of the region is  rich in events which have occurred and which have contributed to its prosperityCurrently, Algiers is the political and economic capital of the country, it is the seat of all central Governments, political and social institutions, the economic and financial institutions, major centres of decision and diplomatic representations. It is characterized by :

TERRITORY

Number of administrative districts: 13

Number of communes : 57

Area (km²): 808.89

Limites administratives:

  • In the north, the Mediterranean Sea
  • To the east, the wilaya of Boumerdes
  • To the west, the wilaya of Tipaza
  • To the South, the wilaya of Blida

RELIEF

Physical terrain marked by three longitudinal zones

  • The Sahel west of the Bay of Algiers
  • The coast, dominated by the Sahel, is formed by a low narrow terrace.
  • Mitidja forming good soil fertility promoting the development of vegetable crops

CLIMATOLOGY

Summer: 22 ° – 30 °

Winter: 8 ° – 15 °

Rainfall (mm / year): 670-800

POPULATION

Total population for 2015 (Hbt): 3,154,792

with: Masculain (Hbt): 1 585 268

Female (Hbt): 1 569 524

Annual average growth rate (1998/2008): 1.60%

Population density (inhabitant / km²): 3900

Active Population: 1,379,004

employed population: 1 311 993

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POPULATION BY COMMUNE AND CONSTITUENCY

HABITAT

Total housing stock: 646 560

Precarious housing to eradicate : 37 000

Housing occupancy rate ( habt/logt) :  5,08

Housing occupancy rate (2008) hab/logt :  5,80

Rate of precariousness of housing :  5,7%

Occupancy rate by room ( habt/room) :  1,7

POTABLE WATER SUPPLY

Overall capacity of mobilizable water (m³/day) :  1 840 000

Overall capacity of mobilized water (m³/day) : 1 200 000

Number of dams supplying the capital :  6

Capacity of the dams (m³) :  500 000 000

Number of drilling :  243

Capacity of drilling (production volume) (m³/day) :  300 000

Number of tanks :  244

Capacity of the tanks (m³) :  643 660

The potable water supply network (kms) :  4 510

Potable water supply rate : 99%

The amount of potable water per inhabitant  (l/day/habt) :  165

SANITATION

Number of wastewater treatment plants : 5

Treatment capacity (m³/day) :  480 800

Sanitation connection rate  :  98%

Recovery rate of wastewater :  64%

ENERGY

Length of the electricity distribution network (km) :  11 362

Number of households connected to electricity :  714 109

Electricity connection rate :  98,3 %

Length of the natural gas distribution network (km) :  5 095

Number of households connected to natural gas :  527 753

Rate of connection to natural gas :  73,90 %

EDUCATION

Primary:

Number of establishments :  960

Number of students :  355 399

Number of educational divisions :  10993

Number of canteens :  284

Average :

Number of establishments : 322

Number of students : 224 733

Number of educational divisions : 6 325

Secondary :

Number of establishments : 135

Number of students : 110 824

Number of educational divisions : 3 664

HEALTH

Number of university hospitals : 5

Number of specialized hospitals :  12

Number of hospitals :  8

Number of polyclinics :  83

Number of treatment room :  162

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING

Number of training centers :  46

Intake capacity :  15 555

Number of trainees :  26 016

Number of annexes of training centers :  10
Intake capacity : 420

HIGHER EDUCATION

Number of establishments :  19

Universities :  4

National Schools :  10

National Higher Normal Schools :  2

Preparatory schools :  3

Number of educational places :  121 000

Number of university residences :  25

Capacity (beds): 43400

SOCIAL PROTECTION

Number of schools for young deaf and dumb :  3

Intake capacity :  400

Number of psychoeducational centers :  9

Intake capacity : 909

Number of centers for children in care :  3

Intake capacity : 220

Number of centers for the elderly :  3

Intake capacity : 568

YOUTH AND SPORTS

Number of sports complexes :  5

Number of Olympic stadiums :  2

Number  of stadiums :  57

Number of Olympic sports halls :  23

Number of leisure pools:  5

Number of  semi-Olympic swimming pools :  2

Number of Olympic swimming pools :  2

Number of Playgrounds :  156

Number of youth centres :  67

Number of scientific leisure centres :  2

CULTURE

Number of cinemas :  17

Number of libraries:  112

Number of communal libraries :  73

Number of theatres :  9

Number of outdoor theaters :  6

Number of cultural centers :  34

Number of museums :  11

RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS

Number of mosques :  619

Intake capacity : 721 306

Number of Koranic schools :  47

Intake capacity : 6900

Number of Islamic cultural centers : 1

ROAD NETWORK

Total network length (kms) :  2551

Highways (kms) :  171

Express roads (kms) :  171

Double lane roads (kms) :  261

National Roads (kms) :  318

Paths of wilaya (kms) :  254

communal paths  (kms) :  1376

Road density (Km/Km²) :  2,14

POST AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Number of Post Offices :  205

Number of additional windows :  24

Postal density (office / 1000 inhabitants): 73

Capacities of telephone centers (lines) :  959333

Number of subscribers :  522 156

AGRICULTURE

Total agricultural area (ha) :  33 728

Useful agricultural area (ha) :  29 563

including irrigated land (ha) :  16534

Cereal area  (ha) :  1963

Forage area (ha) :  2249

Number of sheep heads :  20485

Number of bovine heads :  14769

Number of caprine heads :  3619

FISHING

Maritime area (km2) :  1 326,5

Total biomass (tons/year)  :  55 000 to 83 000

Fishing fleet

Trawlers :  51

Sardines :  77

Small businesses :  139

Fishing ports 3  (Alger, El Djamila, Tamenfoust)

Fishing Shelters2  (Raïs Hamidou and El Marsa)

INDUSTRY

Number of public enterprises :  102

Headcount :  34 042

Number of private enterprises :  37 911

Headcount : :  274 069

Number of industrial zones :  3

Area converted into industrial zones (ha) :  1 468

Number of zones of activity:  27

Area (ha) :  280,81

TOURISM

 

Number of restaurants :  108

Number of thalassotherapy stations :  1

Number of travel agencies :  560

Tourist accommodation :

  • By sector

  • By  ranking category

TRANSPORT

Road transport

Number of urban stations :  37

Number of passengers carried per year :  234 410 817

Quantity of goods transported (t / year) :  73632121

Rail transport

Total length of the rail network (kms) :  4 440

Number of passengers carried per year : 36 216 111

Quantity of goods transported per year :  4 198 674

Air transport

Number of airports :  1

Number of passengers carried per year :  6 898 972

Quantity of goods transported (t / year) :  37 515,14

Maritime transport

Number of ports :  1

Number of passengers carried per year : 184 322

Number of vehicles transported per year :  80 517

Quantity of goods transported (t / year) : 15 874 873

COMMERCE

Retail business :  80 407

Wholesale :  13 032

Services :  95 852

Importers / exporters :  17 509

Fruit and Vegetable Wholesale Market :  1

Markets covered :  80

Nearby markets :  58

Local public institutions under the tutelage of the wilaya of Algiers

Number of establishments 25 :

  • 21 industrial and commercial establishments
  • 04 institutions of an administrative nature
  • Number of staff : 23 218
  • Annual payroll : 13.227.736.962,12 DA.
  • Annual operating expenses : 19.369.377.798,24 DA.
  • Annual revenue excluding subsidies : 2.679.721.462,08 DA

Thus, the wilaya of Algiers has significant strengths and potentialities
both natural and infrastructure

1- An ideal geostrategic position enabling it to play a leading role in the country’s economic integration and pivot in the promotion of Euro-African trade :

  • In the north-center of the country with a seafront of 80 km
  • Dynamic surrounding economic poles (Blida South, West Tipasa and Boumerdes, to the East)
  • Preferential outlet for a good part of the region of the highlands of the north of the country.
  • Preferential Mediterranean door for some African countries (Mali, Niger, Chad and Mauritania).

2- A human potential important characterized by its youth which constitutes an important reservoir of  skilled labor :

  • 54% of the population aged under 35
  • The active population is estimated at 53% of the total population

Thus, because of its status as the capital of the country, its strategic geographical position around the Mediterranean basin, the richness of its historical and cultural heritage, the diversity of its physical and natural environments, the size of its infrastructure network and the importance of its program in progress, Algiers is the first city in Algeria. It represents a territory of excellence for living and working, but above all for investing and succeeding